In This Article

We explore the “mother” of all cannabinoids: CBG. Without it, other cannabinoids wouldn’t exist! Find out more about this remarkable, versatile hemp product.

  • What is CBG?
  • CBG benefits?
  • Is CBD or CBG better?
  • Top 5 CBG strains
  • Does CBG get you high?
  • Is CBG legal in all states?
  • Health benefits of CBD and CBG flower
CBG structure

CBG structure

CBG: The Original Flower Power

If you love smoking hemp, you’re probably familiar with plenty of three-letter acronyms, like CBD (cannabidiol), CBN (cannabinol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). CBD flower is very popular for its powerfully relaxing and full entourage effect.

You may also be aware of some four-letter acronyms like CBGA, CBDA, CBDV and THCV.

But have you heard of CBG yet?

If not, you’re in for a treat! This cannabinoid is shaping up to be the next big thing in the world of smokable CBD hemp flower and pre-rolls.

What is CBG in weed?

CBG stands for cannabigerol, and is known as the “precursor” of all the various cannabinoids.

CBG flower contains CBGA (cannabigerolic acid). And CBGA doesn’t behave like other cannabinoid acids which break down directly into a final component like CBD, CBN or THC.

Instead, CBGA is what the hemp plant uses to synthesize other cannabinoid acids. When decarboxylated (or heated), CBGA acts kind of like a parent cannabinoid acid and typically breaks down into THCA (tetrahydrocannibinolic acid) and CBDA (cannabidiolic acid).

The THCA in turn, transforms into THC, and the CBDA into CBD.

Getting CBGA to break down into CBG instead of synthesizing it into other cannabinoids is a difficult process. Most hemp flower strains only contain less than 2% of CBG, and only a few CBG flower strains will synthesize cannabigerol directly. This stubborn and versatile acid prefers to remain a creator rather than develop into its own end product.

The funny thing is that, for quite a while, scientists thought cannabigerol was a minor cannabinoid. There is very little of it in most hemp flower strains, and when it decarboxylates, most of it disappears because it synthesizes into other cannabinoids. For that reason scientists didn’t understand that it in fact was the mother cannabinoid all along!

Scientists isolated this elusive cannabinoid in the mid-1960s but it was only recently that consumers discovered how much potential it has. Hemp growers are already trying to cross-breed flowers to increase the amount of CBGA capable of transforming into CBG.

Learn more about cannabinoids and the history of hemp in our CBD statistics infographic.

So what is CBG flower?

CBG flower is the smokable buds of a hemp strain that is particularly rich in the cannabinoid “cannabigerol” or CBG for short. When smoked, it offers therapeutic and non-intoxicating effects that are different to those of CBD.

Cannabinoid Chart

CBG benefits in the human body

CBG has wonderful effects on the inflammation and body aches and is widely popular among medical consumers.

Many people also enjoy CBG hemp because it smooths out the psychoactive effects from THC.

Hemp strains that are high in CBG are naturally low in THC, thanks to the way CBG flower synthesizes. Some users enjoy smoking a little CBG after a full-spectrum CBD flower to minimize the effects of any trace THC. It is very potent, which makes it an enjoyable smoke without psychoactive effects.

Another benefit of CBG flower is that it is naturally very low in THC which makes it easier to grow in a compliant way for both the US and EU markets.

Other users say they like to use CBG when they have had a stressful day. They claim smoking flower that’s high in the cannabinoid can raise their mood. If you want to feel relaxed and blissed out at the end of a long day, CBG is a great option.

If you’ve tried multiple CBD products and they don’t seem to work, CBG could be worth a try. If you have a low tolerance for THC, adding a little CBG hemp can make your experience feel more even.

Overall, these CBG benefits can make smoking hemp flower more effective and enjoyable for you.

Sativa at its core

CBG flower is generally seen as a sativa type cannabinoid for its uplifting and focusing effects that leave the consumer feeling clear-headed and alert with almost zero body feel.

lighting a hemp joint

Is CBD or CBG Better?

Should you choose CBD or CBG flower? One type of flower isn’t typically better than another. It all depends on what benefits you are looking for and how your unique physiology reacts to different cannabinoids.

CBD flower works in a roundabout way. It doesn’t function directly with your body’s endocannabinoid system. CBG hemp directly interacts with the CB1 and CB2 receptors in your brain–and might work for you if CBD doesn’t. That’s another reason it’s considered a specialty among cannabinoids.

One drawback to CBG is that the grower must harvest it earlier to get the maximum potency. Instead of letting the hemp grow through the entire eight-week flowering period, growers must harvest by week six to get maximum CBG content. CBD flower can be allowed to go a few weeks longer for a higher yield of hemp buds.

Top 5 CBG Strains

Finding good CBG flower can be a lot more difficult than finding top-shelf hemp flower. Some great CBG strains are the following:

Please be aware that different brands and growers have different quality and that each harvest can vary as well.

Does CBG Get You High?

Most people associate a feeling of euphoria or paranoia with “getting high” on hemp products. Sometimes this is just a placebo effect. People assume smoking any type of hemp will make them high, so they experience fake reactions.

However, certain people are very sensitive even to the small amounts of THC allowed in legal hemp flower. THC works directly upon the CB1 and CB2 receptors, as does CBG. THC makes some people feel extremely stoned, disoriented, nervous and/or nauseous.

CBG flower is non-psychoactive–so you can enjoy the benefits without the buzz. Switching to low-THC strain and counting on CBG to connect with your endocannabinoid system can give you the results you want without undesirable side effects. Finding the right flower strain and dosage is all about research, trial, and error.

CBD in the human body

Is CBG Legal in All States?

Since CBG is derived from hemp, it’s legal in all 50 states. Also permissible are CBG oil and other CBG flower products, as well as CBD flower. Federal laws prohibit hemp products containing more than 0.3% THC.

Read more about the legality of hemp flower in your state here.

Health Benefits of CBD and CBG Hemp Flower

Except for a very few drugs which were evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration of the U.S. government, CBD and CBG products are not intended to diagnose, treat, or prevent any disease.

Many people use cannabinoid products to self-treat various symptoms. Some health care practitioners may even recommend CBD hemp flower for specific diagnosed conditions. However, CBG is still under research, and hemp flowers of any kind should not be a treatment against the advice of a medical professional.

At Green Unicorn Farms, we source the richest, cleanest, and most potent flower available, with carefully controlled cannabinoid levels to give you the hemp benefits you crave without adverse effects.


About Green Unicorn Farms

Green Unicorn Farms writes about anything hemp and CBD related with the goal of inspiring and education curious readers. Our in-house hemp flower experts with a wealth of experience in the CBD and hemp world is here to help 24/7.